Tips for aquarium maintenance and fish care!

The happiness and health of your fish starts from a beautiful and well-preserved aquarium. Here are some useful tips on how to set up and care for your aquarium.

Pick the correct aquarium size 

The fish need space to swim. Would you like to live in a small, narrow box? I guess, no! So why should your fish swim in a small tank?  For those who buy fish for the first time, it would be useful to know that a comfortable aquarium of at least 70 liters is recommended. Taking care of a smaller aquarium would surely make you think that it is easier to clean it, but it is not: in fact, it’s easier to keep the water clean in a larger aquarium with a filter tank rather than in a smaller tank where you need to change the water every second day.

Do not hurry to set up your aquarium

You may be eager to set up the aquarium on the same day that you bring your new fish home. In fact, it’s important to let the fish “adjust” before you drop them  inside. Fill your aquarium with clean tap water and check the water pH with a special tool that can be purchased from a pet shop. Most fish behave well in balanced pH water 7, but some survive better in higher or lower pH water. Leave the aquarium in the place you are about to install for at least a week before adding the first fish inside. At this time, any impurities in the water will dissolve and everything will work, as it should. Put your aquarium next to an internal wall, away from windows, doors, ventilation, sunlight, and other streams to keep the water temperature constant. You can buy an aquarium thermometer to constantly check the water temperature. 

Accessories and aquarium gravel

Be sure to provide light to your fish by adding a fluorine lamp to your aquarium. Many aquarium caps have built-in lights. A good rule is to have the light on, for half a day and, the other half-day have it off. Put a cover on the top of the aquarium. Some fish like to jump out of the aquarium – you have to make sure they stay safe inside the aquarium. This is also the case if you have … curious cats at home. Fish like to play the hide and seek game! Give them a place to hide, like small plastic plants or a ceramic sea castle. Finally, before you pour gravel in your aquarium, rinse it with clean water. Add half a kilo of gravel to each 3.5 liters of water in the aquarium. 

Aquarium Filters

Without having water filters, fish impurities can poison the water of your aquarium. Invest in a high-quality water filtration system. Select a suitable size filter for your aquarium, or buy one for a bigger aquarium than the one you have. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and change the filter accordingly.

Welcome your fish to its new home!

When you bring your new fish home, you will probably have it in a big, plastic bag. Keep it in the aquarium for about half an hour to adjust the water temperature. Then open it and let your new friend check his new home. You can add new fish every 15 days if you want. Usually, it is recommended to add three or four small fish, or one or two medium size fish for a seventy-liter aquarium.

Bad-tempered roommates!

Fish are just like humans…not all of them get well with each other! Some do not like to co-operate and share their watery home with others. Make sure you select fish “compatible” with each other that can tolerate the same water temperature and the same living conditions and of course, fish that will enjoy each other’s company! Ask your pet shop which fish can live together. 

Cleaning the aquarium

Remove floating food waste and dirt with a fishnet every two days. If the water looks blurry, you need to filter or change it. Use a filtered siphon (sold in pet stores) to change 20% of water every 10 days.Regularly check the water quality with a special measuring tool and remove any algae that have been appeared in the aquarium.

Your fish friends in aquarium will be happy if you take care of them properly but, you will also happy by watching them swim! According to a new research, people people who observe the fish movement in the aquarium not only have lower blood pressure but their heart rates are also reduced helping them to sleep better!

Sotia Bella